UNESCO-World Heritage Stralsund
While in Gross Toitin, a visit to the Hanseatic city of Stralsund is a must. In the 14th century, Stralsund was – next to Lübeck – the most important town in the entire Baltic region. In 1370, it was selected as a place for peace negotiations with Denmark (Peace of Stralsund). The elaborately designed merchant houses and historic town hall are witnesses of this time. In 2002, this proud Hanseatic city was — along with the Hanseatic city of Wismar, which is accessible from Gross Toitin in just over an hour — included as one of 39 monuments in Germany in the UNESCO Lists of World Heritage Sites.
UNESCO writes: “Founded in the 13th century, the medieval towns of Wismar and Stralsund, on the Baltic coast of northern Germany, represent different but complementary trading structures as leading centers of the Wendish section of the Hanseatic League from the 13th to the 15th centuries. In the 17th and the 18th centuries the towns became major administrative and defense centers within the Swedish kingdom, contributing to the development of military art and integrating another layer of cultural influences. The towns contributed to the development of the characteristic building types and techniques of the Brick Gothic in the Baltic region, using fired brick. On the main elevations the bricks could be moulded in different decorative forms, thus permitting some very elaborate architecture. This is exemplified in several churches, the Town Hall of Stralsund, and in the series of houses for residential, commercial, and craft use, representing an evolution over several centuries.”
VIP-Zugang Ozeaneum/Deutsches Meeresmuseum